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Accounts API

Call smart contracts on remote chains
Developers can use the Accounts API to create and control an account on a remote chain from their local chain.
Unlike the Messaging API, which requires recipients to implement a specific interface, the Accounts API allows developers to interact with any remote contract.
The Accounts API assigns every (uint32 origin, address owner, address remoteRouter, address remoteISM) tuple a unique interchain account (ICA) address. The sender owns that ICA on the destination chain, and can direct it to make arbitrary function calls via the InterchainAccountRouter.callRemote() endpoint.
On many chains, you are able to use the defaults that are set by the owner of the router contract. See the Overrides section to see how to make calls to any chain or use custom Interchain security modules.

Computing addresses

It may be useful to know the remote address of your ICA before sending a message. For example, you may want to first fund the address with tokens. The getRemoteInterchainAccount function can be used to get the address of an ICA given the destination chain and owner address.
An example is included below of a contract precomputing its own Interchain Account address.
address myInterchainAccount = IInterchainAccountRouter(...).getRemoteInterchainAccount(
destination,
address(this)
);

Interface

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT OR Apache-2.0
pragma solidity >=0.6.11;
import {CallLib} from "../contracts/libs/Call.sol";
interface IInterchainAccountRouter {
function callRemote(
uint32 _destinationDomain,
CallLib.Call[] calldata calls
) external returns (bytes32);
function getRemoteInterchainAccount(uint32 _destination, address _owner)
external
view
returns (address);
}
Want to use InterchainAccountRouter? Please refer to Contract addresses and Domain identifiers

Example Usage

Encoding

The callRemote function takes as arguments an array of Call structs. Call.data can be easily encoded with the abi.encodeCall function.
struct Call {
// supporting non EVM targets
bytes32 to;
uint256 value;
bytes data;
}
interface IUniswapV3Pool {
function swap(
address recipient,
bool zeroForOne,
int256 amountSpecified,
uint160 sqrtPriceLimitX96,
bytes calldata data
) external returns (int256 amount0, int256 amount1);
}
IUniswapV3Pool pool = IUniswapV3Pool(...);
Call swapCall = Call({
to: TypeCasts.addressToBytes32(address(pool)),
data: abi.encodeCall(pool.swap, (...));
value: 0,
});
uint32 ethereumDomain = 1;
IInterchainAccountRouter(0xabc...).callRemote(ethereumDomain, [swapCall]);

Computing addresses

There is a bug in address computation in the latest deployment that will result in the wrong address
It may be useful to know the remote address of your ICA before sending a message. For example, you may want to first fund the address with tokens. The getRemoteInterchainAccount function can be used to get the address of an ICA given the destination chain and owner address.
An example is included below of a contract precomputing its own interchain account address.
address myInterchainAccount = IInterchainAccountRouter(...).getRemoteInterchainAccount(
destination,
address(this)
);
If you are using Overrides to specify remote chains or Interchain security modules, pass those overrides when computing the remote ICA address.
address myRemoteIca = IInterchainAccountRouter(...).getRemoteInterchainAccount(
address(this),
remoteRouterOverride,
remoteIsmOverride
);

Paying for Interchain Gas

Just like all Hyperlane messages that wish to have their messages delivered by a relayer, users must pay for interchain gas.
The various callRemote functions in the Accounts API each return the message ID as a bytes32. This message ID can then be used by the caller to pay for interchain gas.
When specifying the amount of gas, the caller must pay for a gas amount high enough to cover:
  1. 1.
    "Overhead" gas used by the Accounts API contract and ISM on the destination chain. See the below table to understand what this will be.
  2. 2.
    The gas used by the user-specified arbitrary call(s) that will be performed by the interchain account.

Overhead gas amounts

For the very first message sent by a sender on the origin chain to a new destination domain, a higher overhead destination gas cost is incurred. This is because the interchain account must be created on the destination chain, which involves a new contract being deployed. Subsequent messages to an already-created interchain account have a much cheaper overhead.
Interchain account already exists?
Overhead Gas Amount
No - this is the very first message from a (uint32 origin, address owner) pair to the destination, and a new interchain account will be created
150,000
Yes
30,000

Gas Payment Example

function makeCall(uint256 gasAmount) external payable {
// First, send the call
uint32 ethereumDomain = 0x657468;
// consistent across all chains
address icaRouter = 0xc011170d9795a7a2d065E384EAd1CA3394A7d35E;
bytes32 messageId = IInterchainAccountRouter(icaRouter).callRemote(
ethereumDomain,
address(pool),
0,
abi.encodeCall(pool.swap, (...))
);
// Then, pay for gas
// The mainnet DefaultIsmInterchainGasPaymaster
IInterchainGasPaymaster igp = IInterchainGasPaymaster(
0x56f52c0A1ddcD557285f7CBc782D3d83096CE1Cc
);
// Pay with the msg.value
igp.payForGas{ value: msg.value }(
// The ID of the message
messageId,
// Destination domain
ethereumDomain,
// The total gas amount. This should be the
// overhead gas amount + gas used by the call being made
gasAmount,
// Refund the msg.sender
msg.sender
);
}

Overrides

The interchain accounts API allows developers to override the default chains and security models configured in the InterchainAccountRouter.
This can be useful for developers who wish to:
  • Call an ICA on a chain that was not explicitly added by the InterchainAccountRouter owner, or
  • Secure their ICA(s) using different Interchain security modules than the defaults configured in the InterchainAccountRouter

Interface

The address of a remote ICA will vary with the _router and _ism overrides used
The callRemoteWithOverrides function looks similar to the callRemote function, but takes two additional arguments.
First, developers can override _router, the address of the InterchainAccountRouter on the remote chain. This allows developers to control an ICA on remote chains that have not been configured on the local InterchainAccountRouter.
Second, developers can override _ism, the address of the remote interchain security module (ISM) used to secure their ICA. This ISM will be used to verify the interchain messages passed between the local and remote InterchainAccountRouters. This allows developers to use a custom security model that best suits their needs.
/**
* @notice Dispatches a sequence of remote calls to be made by an owner's
* interchain account on the destination domain
* @dev Recommend using CallLib.build to format the interchain calls
* @param _destination The remote domain of the chain to make calls on
* @param _router The remote router address
* @param _ism The remote ISM address
* @param _calls The sequence of calls to make
* @return The Hyperlane message ID
*/
function callRemoteWithOverrides(
uint32 _destination,
bytes32 _router,
bytes32 _ism,
CallLib.Call[] calldata _calls
) public returns (bytes32)

Diagram