Specifying an ISM

Customize interchain security using ISMs

Developers can take control of interchain security using Interchain security modules.

Interchain Security Modules

An Interchain Security Module (ISM) is a smart contract that is responsible for verifying messages from a remote chain. ISMs must implement the IInterchainSecurityModule interface.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT OR Apache-2.0
pragma solidity >=0.6.11;

interface IInterchainSecurityModule {
     * @notice Returns an enum that represents the type of security model
     * encoded by this ISM.
     * @dev Relayers infer how to fetch and format metadata.
    function moduleType() external view returns (uint8);

     * @notice Defines a security model responsible for verifying interchain
     * messages based on the provided metadata.
     * @param _metadata Off-chain metadata provided by a relayer, specific to
     * the security model encoded by the module (e.g. validator signatures)
     * @param _message Hyperlane encoded interchain message
     * @return True if the message was verified
    function verify(bytes calldata _metadata, bytes calldata _message)
        returns (bool);

interface ISpecifiesInterchainSecurityModule {
    function interchainSecurityModule()
        returns (IInterchainSecurityModule);

To specify the ISM they would like to use, developers may implement the ISpecifiesInterchainSecurityModule interface in any contract that receives interchain messages.

If no ISM is specified, or if the specified ISM is the null address, whatever ISM is configured as the default on the destination chain Mailbox will be used.

See Message.solfor more details on Hyperlane message encoding.

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